Animal Biology

The Human Being and the Animal World

Two 4th Grade Main Lesson Blocks

Donna Simmons

Spiral bound



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The contrast between human beings and animals is something that children begin to become interested in at about Grade 4, making this an excellent time for the Waldorf block formerly called "Man and Animal."  The approach to introducting the variety of fauna to 4th grade students is one of always creating a relationship of understanding between the nature of a given animal group and that of human beings.  It is a wonderful way for a child to meet the animal world, because they can gain not only an appreciation of the animals as observed creatures, but also gain an understanding of them because, in part, we have aspects of our being that are very much like that of the animal being considered.  For a child, this way of looking at things creates a lifelong bond between him/herself and the lives of animals, a compasionate understanding if you will.  That such a viewpoint can be fostered so beautifully that it guides the understanding throughout life is simply priceless.

Donna Simmons' guide to The Human Being and the Animal World is filled with enthusiasm, information and ideas that you can use to teach your own children at home or to teach a room full of students in a classroom.  It is simply lovely.


  • The Man and Animal Main Lesson
  • How to Proceed
  • Block 1: The Threefold Human Being and the Animal World
  • Block 2: The Animal World
  • The Mouse
  • The Lion
  • The Cow
  • Gifts from the Animals
  • How Coyote Stole Fire
  • Prometheus and Epimetheus
  • Sea Creatures
  • Insects and Similar Land Creatures
  • Fish
  • Amphibians and Reptiles
  • Birds
  • Mammals
  • Poems
  • A Trip to the Zoo
  • Other Field Trips

If you are using The Human Being and the Animal World as part of a fourth grade Christopherus Curriculum, you might also enjoy:

The Human Being and the Animal World

Charles Kovacs



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Another teaching gem from Charles Kovacs, the Scottish Waldorf teacher whose legacy of class notes has become a wellspring for class teachers and homeschoolers throughout the English-speaking world.

In this volume, fauna common to Scotland and much of the Northern Hemisphere are considered one-by-one, followed with chapters on elephants, horses and bears. As we have come to expect, Kovacs' warmth and insight infuse each presentation and serve to inspire anyone teaching from them.


  • The Head, Trunk and Limbs
  • The Cuttlefish
  • The Seal
  • The Snail
  • The Harvest Mouse
  • The Red Deer
  • The Hedgehog
  • The Eagle
  • The limbs
  • The Elephant
  • The Horse
  • The Bear
  • The Lion
  • Buddy, the Guide Dog

For Waldorf curriculum for Grades 4 and 5 - (ages 9 to 11).

The Human Being and the Animal World

Roy Wilkinson


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Up to age nine, children do not differentiate clearly between their own inner life and the world outside. They experience the animals as brothers and sisters who can speak and act as human beings. Types of animals have been characterized in the fables which Waldorf students have heard in their early years. At age nine, the student experiences the separation of him/herself from the world. Teaching students about the relationship of animals to human beings rebuilds the bridge between the student and the world.

Contents include:

  • Rudolf Steiner's Ideas on Evolution
  • The Human Being and the Animal Compared
  • The Group Soul
  • The Threefold Human Being
  • The Cow
  • The Horse
  • The Elephant
  • The Lion
  • The Camel
  • The Dog
  • Birds and Fish

Sacred Fauna

World Zoology in the Light of Rudolf Steiner's Spiritual Science

Alan Whitehead



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This is the companion volume to Sacred Flora and is every bit as interesting and useful. The content covers not only things of interest to anyone teaching a Waldorf 4th grade biology block, but goes on to address points that become parts of other zoology lessons throughout the remaining 8 school years. Anyone who teaches will find much to use and much to celebrate.

Included are chapters addressing the 4-planet animal evolution, 12 animal phyla zodiac; 7 planetary vertebrates; animal ethers - migration; faunal form; faunal movement; animal astral Africa; 12 zodiac mammals; Australian fauna; animal conservation; animal apocrypha; zoology of the Americas; sacred Asian animals.

Drawing from the Book of Nature

Dennis Klocek



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Drawing from the Book of Nature does double-duty as a book that is about both drawing and the natural world of plant and animal. Here is a wonderful resource for teachers, students or anyone wishing to develop their capacity for the artistic observation of natural phenomena.

Dennis Klocek, with his refreshing combination of depth and clarity, offers a wealth of insight into the lives of plants and animals. His text is enhanced with step-by-step lessons to help the reader bring the kingdoms of nature to life on paper.